What Are the 4 Components of Pond Construction?


When constructing a pond, it may be difficult to figure out where to start. Ponds have various uses including land development, recreation, energy conservation, and fire protection. They can also be used for the preservation of wildlife that thrives in these types of ecosystems.

In addition, ponds are a great asset to any home as they boast a variety of benefits while also contributing to land value. When choosing to construct a pond, there are many variables involved. There are two types of ponds; excavated and embankment. An excavated or dugout pond is usually built on flat terrain and is used to store shallow groundwater whereas an embankment is usually built in an area with slope and terrain. This pond will allow water to flow downward into the pond and be formed without excavation.

Like any major reno, it is important to choose a proper location. Ultimately, the location you choose can determine whether your pond is successfully built to meet your needs. In order to choose the perfect location, it’s important to choose an area where water won’t collect. If you choose a low area to situate your pond, the water quality may suffer due to run- off and pollutants which is why you should strive to choose a space with a good view and a lot of sunlight. It’s also important to check zoning laws and requirements in your area before beginning construction.

In order to begin the construction of your new pond, you must understand the 4 Components of Pond Construction:

  1. Dam/ Embankment

    The dam or embankment is a barrier that counteracts the force of water pushing against it. Running water can erode the materials quickly meaning the embankment has to be able to withstand leakage and enormous amounts of force. In order to maintain the strength of the barrier, it is important to plant only trees and grasses near the dam. The height will determine the width of the embankment built.

  2. Spillway

    A spillway is a path for excess water to exit your pond. A principal spillway is meant to maintain water levels within your pond. When excess water enters the pond, it is drained through the spillway. These elements are constructed out of plastic, metal or concrete pipes and are largely responsible for protecting the dam. When the principal spillway is unable to carry out large amounts of water, the emergency spillway will direct the flow of water in order to preserve the dam and prevent dam failure.

  3. Core Trench

    A core trench is dug on the centercentre line along a new dam. A trench must be constructed to prevent water from seeping under the dam. The core trench must be filled and compacted with materials such as rock, or shale then filled with clay. Without a core trench you may run the risk of having a leaky pond.

  4. Pool Area

    The pool area is the surface that will be underwater once the dam and spillways have been constructed and is a crucial part of pond construction. Once you understand the 4 components of pool construction you will be able to properly enjoy your beautiful new landscape.

Take these 4 components into consideration when building your dream pond

Ponds have many uses, but they all require these four components to be properly constructed. It’s extremely important to take each and every one of these factors into consideration when constructing a pond. If you fail to take these factors into consideration, you may run the risk of constructing a faulty pond.